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ORTHODONTIC ENGINEERING TOOLS OF THE TRADE TYPES OF FIXED APPLIANCES METAL BRACKETS WITH COLOURS Stainless steel metal brackets are easily recognised and are widely used in the treatment of patients in all age groups. Their robustness makes them suitable for most courses of treatment. The designers have been making them smaller and decreasing the profile of these metal brackets, sometimes with beneficial results. They include higher treatment efficiency, decreased friction, decreased appliance breakage (due to increased bond strength) and superior fit or seating. These metal brackets can be customised with coloured ligatures or modules to provide individuality and make them more aesthetically pleasing. GOLD BRACKETS Others might be more attracted by the aesthetic appeal of the Gold appliance systems which can be complemented with gold wires. These provide the patient with an alternative to the traditional stainless steel look. CERAMIC BRACKETS Attractive, translucent or tooth coloured, aesthetic fixed brackets appeal to patients in view of their less obtrusive appearance. These are made from a ceramic material and differ from plastic (polycarbonate) brackets in terms of the superior durability, colour stability, strength and overall performance throughout the treatment. Not all tooth coloured brackets are ceramic, if you are having problems with breakages and discolouration, you most likely have been fitted with an inferior plastic bracket. Fixed braces can be made “totally white” by utilising ceramic brackets, white or tooth coloured arch wires and non-staining ligature wires. This means that your appliance is virtually invisible! SELF LIGATING BRACKETS These are fixed braces which function without ligatures and modules. These braces are designed to help the teeth move more efficiently and may result in fewer adjustment visits. The absence of modules and ligatures eliminates the hassle of staining. One orthodontist shares his thoughts on Self-Ligating Systems: “I am treating more and more cases with self-ligating systems and I am more excited about what I can achieve for my patients than ever before in 25 years of providing orthodontic care. I’ve noticed an increase in the number of non-extraction opportunities, my patients’ gums look healthier and I’ve had numerous comments that breathing problems are reduced. Using the reduced friction and light forces of self-ligating systems allows me to move teeth in a “biologically-compatible” way. I believe the body works with this treatment instead of opposing it. Orthodontic expertise combined with selfligation has the potential to transform faces and smiles like never before!” 1) 3M Victory metal brackets Image courtesy of 3M Unitek 2) 3M Victory Gold brackets Image courtesy of 3M Unitek 3) 3M Clarity brackets "Ceramic" Image courtesy of 3M Unitek 4) Damon D3MX brackets "Self ligating" Image courtesy of Ormco Corporation 5) 3M Victory Smartclip brackets "Self ligating" Image courtesy of 3M Unitek ≥ ≥ 1) Metal brackets ≥ 2) Gold brackets ≥ 3) Ceramic brackets ≥ ≥ 4-5) Damon Self ligating brackets 113 Smiles & F aces The Comprehensive Guide To Orthodontics Octagon Orthodontics www.octagonorthodontics.com ORTHODONTIC BRACES


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