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The length of treatment of either two or single-phase treatment will depend on several factors, including the severity of the problems and the age of the patient. No matter which format is followed, treatment success is influenced significantly by cooperation between the parent, child and the orthodontist. BELOW IS ADVICE ON HOW TO ENSURE YOUR CHILD’S TREATMENT IS SUCCESSFUL: > Follow the instructions given to you for the specific appliance being worn > Keep the appliance, teeth and gums clean, by brushing and flossing as prescribed > Avoid foods and drinks that may damage the appliance and your teeth > Maintain a healthy diet > Keep all your scheduled appointments with the orthodontist > Visit your dentist at least every six months to maintain your child’s dental health Sourced from: ‘Two-phase orthodontic treatment: the appropriate treatment at the appropriate time’, The American Association of Orthodontists ORTHODONTICS FOR CHILDREN AND TEENAGERS HERE IS A LIST OF TYPICAL BRACES THAT MIGHT BE USED IN THE TREATMENT OF CHILDREN: REMOVABLE APPLIANCES These can be used to push individual teeth into correct positions or to widen/expand the jaws. FUNCTIONAL APPLIANCES These are special braces which can help control and manipulate the growth of the jaws. Certain types of functional braces can be fixed into the mouth. FIXED BRACES When glued to the teeth each bracket can correct the positions of individual or groups of teeth. Special fixed appliances, called rapid palatal expanders, can be used to expand or widen the roof of the mouth to create space for crowded teeth or to improve the bite. HEADGEAR These are used to move the upper teeth backwards and can sometimes be useful to slow down the growth of the upper jaw. A variation, called a facemask, can be used to pull the upper jaw and teeth forward. RETAINERS These can be removable or fixed, and their main purpose is to hold the teeth in place to prevent any movement. 87 Smiles & F aces The Comprehensive Guide To Orthodontics Octagon Orthodontics www.octagonorthodontics.com


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